KINGS

  • Kings
    97. Who wrote 1-2 Kings? The author of Kings is unknown.
    98. To whom was 1-2 Kings written? The book of Kings was written to the exiles during the Babylonian captivity.
    99. What is the main idea of 1-2 Kings? The main idea of Kings is that the exile to Babylon was the just punishment of God to the people (cf Psalm 74) and the people of God must repent toward and hope in the new David.
    100. What are the main divisions of 1-2 Kings? The main divisions of Kings are 1 Kings 1-11, 1 Kings 12-2 Kings 17, 2 Kings 18-25.
    101. What is the main idea of 1 Kings 1-11? The main idea of 1 Kings 1-11 is that Solomon’s kingship represented the ideal Davidic son’s kingship (2 Sam 7); however, he sinned against God and violated the covenant, which made the people look to a future king who would come.
    102. What is the main idea of 1 Kings 12 – 2 Kings 17? The main idea of 1 Kings 12-2 Kings 17 is God severely judged Israel and Judah due to the various kings and their leadership, which led the people into flagrant violations of the covenant.
    103. What is the main idea of 2 Kings 18 – 25? The main idea of 2 Kings 18-25 is God promised to restore the house of David after the exile.
    104. How is Kings used in the New Testament?
    a. 1 Kings 19.10, 14 – Rom 11.3
    b. 1Kings 19.18 – Rom 11.4
    105. How does Kings prepare us for Christ? Kings prepares us for Christ in multiple way:
    a. The theological history of Kings points to Christ in two ways at least.
    b. The theological history stressed the family of David as the centerpiece of Israel. All hopes of victory and salvation-even return from exile-were found in God’s mercy shown to and through David’s royal house. The NT teaches that Christ is the great son of David through whom God fulfilled all the promises he made to David and his sons (Mt 1:1-17; Acts 2:22-36).
    c. Kingship and temple worship stood together in the center of this theological history.
    d. In fact, the kings of Judah and Israel were judged largely in terms of their loyalty or disloyalty to the temple in Jerusalem and to the purity of worship there. This theme is also fulfilled by Christ. The NT teaches that he is the eternal high priest for God’s people (Heb 3:1; 4:14-15), whose own blood atoned for their sins (Heb 2:17; 9:25-28). He brings his people together into a holy sanctuary on Earth (1 Peter 2:4-5, 9) as he ministers in the heavenly palace of God (Heb 6:19-20; 8:1-2; 9:24). The importance of exclusive fidelity to worship in Solomon’s temple corresponds to Christ’s call for his followers to rely on his priestly mediation alone for their salvation (John 14:6; Acts 4:12), as he ministers in the heavenly sanctuary now and ultimately replaces the earthly sanctuary in the new Earth (Rev. 21:22)

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