ISAIAH

PROPHETS: ISAIAH

106. What are the names of the books in the Prophet section of the Old Testament known as The Latter Prophets? The names of the books of the Old Testament known as The Latter Prophets are Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and the book of the Twelve.

107. Who wrote Isaiah? Isaiah was written by Isaiah.

108. To whom was Isaiah written? Isaiah wrote Isaiah to the Southern two tribes.

109. What is the main idea of Isaiah? The main idea of Isaiah is that even though the people of God have sinned against God and are in danger of exile, they can repent of sin and trust the Lord to restore them to blessings after the exile.

110. What are the main divisions of Isaiah? The main divisions of Isaiah are Isaiah 1-6, Isaiah 7-39, Isaiah 40-66.

111. What is the main idea of Isaiah 1 – 6? The main idea of Isaiah 1-6 is Isaiah summarized his whole book by explaining the curse of God due their sins and the blessings of God, namely, restoration after the exile.

112. What is the main idea of Isaiah 7 – 39? The main idea of Isaiah 7-39 is Isaiah’s prophesies about the Assyrian empire and the northern 10 tribes came true; therefore, the southern 2 tribes should heed his message.

113. What is the main idea of Isaiah 40 – 66? The main idea of Isaiah 40-66 is Isaiah assured the people of God that God had the power to restore them after the exile.

114. How is Isaiah used in the New Testament?

a. Isaiah 1.9 LXX – Rom 9.29

  • b. Isaiah 6.9 LXX – Lk 8.10
    c. Isaiah 6.9-10 LXX – Mt 13.14-15, Mk 4.12
    d. Isaiah 6.9-10 – Acts 28.26-27
    e. Isaiah 6.10 LXX – Jn 12.40
    f. Isaiah 7.14 LXX – Mt 1.23
    g. Isaiah 8.8,10 LXX – Mt 1.23
    h. Isaiah 8.14 – Rom 9.33, 1 Pt 2.8
    i. Isaiah 8.17 LXX – Heb 2.13
    j. Isaiah 8.18 – Heb 2.13
    k. Isaiah 9.1-2 – Mt 4.15-16
    l. Isaiah 10.22-23 LXX Rom 9.27-28
    m. Isaiah 11.10 LXX – Rom 15.12
    n. Isaiah 22.13 – 1 Cor 15.32
    o. Isaiah 25.8 -1 Cor 15.54
    p. Isaiah 27.9 LXX – Rom 11.27b
    q. Isaiah 28.11-12 – 1 Cor 14.21
    r. Isaiah 28.16 LXX – Rom 9.33, 10.11; 1 Pt 2.6
    s. Isaiah 29.10 – Rom 11.8
    t. 29.13 LXX – Mt 15.8-9, Mk 7.6-7
    u. Isaiah 29.14 LXX – 1 Cor 1.19
    v. Isaiah 40.3-5 LXX –Lk 3.4-6
    w. Isaiah 40.0 LXX – Mt 3.3; Mk 1.3; Jn 1.23
    x. 40.6-8 – 1 Pt 1.24-25
    y. Isaiah 40.13 LXX – Rom 11.34, 1 Cor 2.16
    z. Isaiah 42.1-3 – Mt 12.18-20
    aa. Isaiah 42.4 LXX – Mt 12.21
    bb. Isaiah 43.20 LXX – 1 Pt 2.9
    cc. Isaiah 43.21 LXX – 1 Pt 2.9
    dd. Isaiah 45.21 – Mt 12.32
    ee. Isaiah 45.23 LXX – Rom 14.11
    ff. Isaiah 49.6 – Acts 13.47
    gg. Isaiah 49.8 – 2 Cor 6.2
    hh. Isaiah 49.18 – Rom 14.11
    ii. Isaiah 52.5 LXX – Rom 2.24
    jj. Isaiah 52.7 – Rom 10.15
    kk. Isaiah 52.11 – 2 Cor 6.17
    ll. Isaiah 52.15 LXX – Rom 15.21
    mm. Isaiah 53.1 LXX – Jn 12.38, Rom 10.16
    nn. Isaiah 53.4 – Mt 8.17
    oo. Isaiah 53.7-8 LXX – Acts 8.32-33
    pp. Isaiah 53.9 – 1 Pt 2.22
    qq. Isaiah 53.12 – Lk 22.37
    rr. Isaiah 54.1 – Gal 4.27
    ss. Isaiah 54.13 – Jn 6.45
    tt. Isaiah 55.3 LXX – Acts 13.34
    uu. Isaiah 56.7 – Mt 21.13, Mk 11.17, Lk 19.46
    vv. Isaiah 59.7-8 – Rom 3.15-17
    ww. Isaiah 59.20-21 LXX – Rom 11.26-27
    xx. Isaiah 61.1-2 LXX – Lk 4.18-19
    yy. Isaiah 62.11 – Mt 21.5
    zz. Isaiah 64.4 – 1 Cor 2.9
    aaa. Isaiah 65.1 LXX – Rom 10.20
    bbb. Isaiah 65.2 LXX – Rom 10.21
    ccc. Isaiah 66.1-2 – Acts 7.49-50
    115. How does Isaiah prepare us for Christ? Isaiah prepares us for Christ in multiple ways:
    a. Isaiah warned of judgments to come against God’s rebellious people and the nations that resisted him (1:20; 3:13-15; 11:4; 34:2; 51:5) Ultimately the judgments of God that Isaiah threatened were fulfilled in the ministry of Christ (53:4-6, 12; 2 Cor 1:15; Heb 9:26)
    b. Isaiah assured God’s people that they would enjoy a glorious restoration after exile- a restoration he called “the new heavens and new earth” (66:22; 65:17). Jesus inaugurated this new creation by an earthly ministry that separated anew light and darkness (John 1:1-9). He continues this new creation through the history of the church (2 Cor 4:6; 5:17; Gal 6:15; James 1:18) and will bring it to its fullness when he returns (Rev 21:1-3).
    c. The NT refers to Isaiah more than to any other OT book to indicate how Jesus fulfilled the OT expectations of Messiah. The most important way in which Jesus fulfilled Isaiah’s prophesies was with respect to Isaiah’s servant motif (42:1)
         1. Isaiah predicted that the “servant” to come would bring justice to the                      nations. (42:1-4)
         2. Isaiah predicted that the “servant” to come would reestablish Israel’s                        covenant with the Lord (42:5-7)
         3. Isaiah predicted that the “servant” to come would become a light to the                    Gentiles (49:1-7)
         4. Isaiah predicted that the “servant” to come would take away the sins of the            elect and be raised from the dead (52:13-53:12)
    d. The NT identifies this servant-savior as Jesus, the incarnate Lord
    MT 8:17; 16:21; 27:26, 29, 31, 38, 57-60
    MK 14:19, 61; 15:27, 43-46
    LK 2:14; 18:31-33; 23:32
    JH 1:10-11, 29; 3:17; 12:38; 19:1, 7, 18, 38-41
    ACTS 2:23; 3:13; 7:32-33; 8:32-33; 10:43
    ROM 4:25; 8:34; 10:15-16; 15:21;
    1 COR 15:3;
    EPH 3:4-5;
    PHIL 2:9;
    HEB 5:8; 9:28;
    1 PET 2:22-25;
    1 JH 3:5;
    REV 14:5
    e. Isaiah’s prophesies are fulfilled by Christ in the minds of the NT writers:
    Isaiah 7:14 Mt 1:22-23
    Isaiah 9:1-2 Mt 4:12-16
    Isaiah 9:6 Lk 2:11; Eph 2:14-18
    Isaiah 11:1 Lk 3:23, 32; Acts 13:22-23
    Isaiah 11:2 Lk 3:22
    Isaiah 28:16 1 Peter 1:4-6
    Isaiah 40:3-5 Mt 3:1-3
    Isaiah 42:1-4 Mt 12:15-21
    Isaiah 42:6 Lk 2:29-32
    Isaiah 50:6 Mt 26:67; 27:26, 30
    Isaiah 52:14 Phil 2:7-11
    Isaiah 61:1-2 Lk 4:17-19, 21

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