106. What are the names of the books in the Prophet section of the Old Testament known as The Latter Prophets? The names of the books of the Old Testament known as The Latter Prophets are Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and the book of the Twelve.

107. Who wrote Isaiah? Isaiah was written by Isaiah.

108. To whom was Isaiah written? Isaiah wrote Isaiah to the Southern two tribes.

109. What is the main idea of Isaiah? The main idea of Isaiah is that even though the people of God have sinned against God and are in danger of exile, they can repent of sin and trust the Lord to restore them to blessings after the exile.

110. What are the main divisions of Isaiah? The main divisions of Isaiah are Isaiah 1-6, Isaiah 7-39, Isaiah 40-66.

111. What is the main idea of Isaiah 1 – 6? The main idea of Isaiah 1-6 is Isaiah summarized his whole book by explaining the curse of God due their sins and the blessings of God, namely, restoration after the exile.

112. What is the main idea of Isaiah 7 – 39? The main idea of Isaiah 7-39 is Isaiah’s prophesies about the Assyrian empire and the northern 10 tribes came true; therefore, the southern 2 tribes should heed his message.

113. What is the main idea of Isaiah 40 – 66? The main idea of Isaiah 40-66 is Isaiah assured the people of God that God had the power to restore them after the exile.

114. How is Isaiah used in the New Testament?

a. Isaiah 1.9 LXX – Rom 9.29

  • b. Isaiah 6.9 LXX – Lk 8.10
    c. Isaiah 6.9-10 LXX – Mt 13.14-15, Mk 4.12
    d. Isaiah 6.9-10 – Acts 28.26-27
    e. Isaiah 6.10 LXX – Jn 12.40
    f. Isaiah 7.14 LXX – Mt 1.23
    g. Isaiah 8.8,10 LXX – Mt 1.23
    h. Isaiah 8.14 – Rom 9.33, 1 Pt 2.8
    i. Isaiah 8.17 LXX – Heb 2.13
    j. Isaiah 8.18 – Heb 2.13
    k. Isaiah 9.1-2 – Mt 4.15-16
    l. Isaiah 10.22-23 LXX Rom 9.27-28
    m. Isaiah 11.10 LXX – Rom 15.12
    n. Isaiah 22.13 – 1 Cor 15.32
    o. Isaiah 25.8 -1 Cor 15.54
    p. Isaiah 27.9 LXX – Rom 11.27b
    q. Isaiah 28.11-12 – 1 Cor 14.21
    r. Isaiah 28.16 LXX – Rom 9.33, 10.11; 1 Pt 2.6
    s. Isaiah 29.10 – Rom 11.8
    t. 29.13 LXX – Mt 15.8-9, Mk 7.6-7
    u. Isaiah 29.14 LXX – 1 Cor 1.19
    v. Isaiah 40.3-5 LXX –Lk 3.4-6
    w. Isaiah 40.0 LXX – Mt 3.3; Mk 1.3; Jn 1.23
    x. 40.6-8 – 1 Pt 1.24-25
    y. Isaiah 40.13 LXX – Rom 11.34, 1 Cor 2.16
    z. Isaiah 42.1-3 – Mt 12.18-20
    aa. Isaiah 42.4 LXX – Mt 12.21
    bb. Isaiah 43.20 LXX – 1 Pt 2.9
    cc. Isaiah 43.21 LXX – 1 Pt 2.9
    dd. Isaiah 45.21 – Mt 12.32
    ee. Isaiah 45.23 LXX – Rom 14.11
    ff. Isaiah 49.6 – Acts 13.47
    gg. Isaiah 49.8 – 2 Cor 6.2
    hh. Isaiah 49.18 – Rom 14.11
    ii. Isaiah 52.5 LXX – Rom 2.24
    jj. Isaiah 52.7 – Rom 10.15
    kk. Isaiah 52.11 – 2 Cor 6.17
    ll. Isaiah 52.15 LXX – Rom 15.21
    mm. Isaiah 53.1 LXX – Jn 12.38, Rom 10.16
    nn. Isaiah 53.4 – Mt 8.17
    oo. Isaiah 53.7-8 LXX – Acts 8.32-33
    pp. Isaiah 53.9 – 1 Pt 2.22
    qq. Isaiah 53.12 – Lk 22.37
    rr. Isaiah 54.1 – Gal 4.27
    ss. Isaiah 54.13 – Jn 6.45
    tt. Isaiah 55.3 LXX – Acts 13.34
    uu. Isaiah 56.7 – Mt 21.13, Mk 11.17, Lk 19.46
    vv. Isaiah 59.7-8 – Rom 3.15-17
    ww. Isaiah 59.20-21 LXX – Rom 11.26-27
    xx. Isaiah 61.1-2 LXX – Lk 4.18-19
    yy. Isaiah 62.11 – Mt 21.5
    zz. Isaiah 64.4 – 1 Cor 2.9
    aaa. Isaiah 65.1 LXX – Rom 10.20
    bbb. Isaiah 65.2 LXX – Rom 10.21
    ccc. Isaiah 66.1-2 – Acts 7.49-50
    115. How does Isaiah prepare us for Christ? Isaiah prepares us for Christ in multiple ways:
    a. Isaiah warned of judgments to come against God’s rebellious people and the nations that resisted him (1:20; 3:13-15; 11:4; 34:2; 51:5) Ultimately the judgments of God that Isaiah threatened were fulfilled in the ministry of Christ (53:4-6, 12; 2 Cor 1:15; Heb 9:26)
    b. Isaiah assured God’s people that they would enjoy a glorious restoration after exile- a restoration he called “the new heavens and new earth” (66:22; 65:17). Jesus inaugurated this new creation by an earthly ministry that separated anew light and darkness (John 1:1-9). He continues this new creation through the history of the church (2 Cor 4:6; 5:17; Gal 6:15; James 1:18) and will bring it to its fullness when he returns (Rev 21:1-3).
    c. The NT refers to Isaiah more than to any other OT book to indicate how Jesus fulfilled the OT expectations of Messiah. The most important way in which Jesus fulfilled Isaiah’s prophesies was with respect to Isaiah’s servant motif (42:1)
         1. Isaiah predicted that the “servant” to come would bring justice to the                      nations. (42:1-4)
         2. Isaiah predicted that the “servant” to come would reestablish Israel’s                        covenant with the Lord (42:5-7)
         3. Isaiah predicted that the “servant” to come would become a light to the                    Gentiles (49:1-7)
         4. Isaiah predicted that the “servant” to come would take away the sins of the            elect and be raised from the dead (52:13-53:12)
    d. The NT identifies this servant-savior as Jesus, the incarnate Lord
    MT 8:17; 16:21; 27:26, 29, 31, 38, 57-60
    MK 14:19, 61; 15:27, 43-46
    LK 2:14; 18:31-33; 23:32
    JH 1:10-11, 29; 3:17; 12:38; 19:1, 7, 18, 38-41
    ACTS 2:23; 3:13; 7:32-33; 8:32-33; 10:43
    ROM 4:25; 8:34; 10:15-16; 15:21;
    1 COR 15:3;
    EPH 3:4-5;
    PHIL 2:9;
    HEB 5:8; 9:28;
    1 PET 2:22-25;
    1 JH 3:5;
    REV 14:5
    e. Isaiah’s prophesies are fulfilled by Christ in the minds of the NT writers:
    Isaiah 7:14 Mt 1:22-23
    Isaiah 9:1-2 Mt 4:12-16
    Isaiah 9:6 Lk 2:11; Eph 2:14-18
    Isaiah 11:1 Lk 3:23, 32; Acts 13:22-23
    Isaiah 11:2 Lk 3:22
    Isaiah 28:16 1 Peter 1:4-6
    Isaiah 40:3-5 Mt 3:1-3
    Isaiah 42:1-4 Mt 12:15-21
    Isaiah 42:6 Lk 2:29-32
    Isaiah 50:6 Mt 26:67; 27:26, 30
    Isaiah 52:14 Phil 2:7-11
    Isaiah 61:1-2 Lk 4:17-19, 21

Wednesday Prayer [7/20/16]

Father, thank you for the gospel and it’s testimony.  Thank you for your kind providence toward me, a sinner. Your Word says if I draw near to you, you will draw near to me. I need you Lord. Don’t be far from me.
Grant that I may trust you with all my heart and lean not on my own understanding but rather I may acknowledge you in all my ways and walk in your paths.
I acknowledge and confess that I am a sinner without any justification before You — other than Christ.  It is Christ’s blood that forgives me and sets me free from the CURSE of the covenant that I violated. 
I openly acknowledge and confess it is Christ’s blood that cleanses me from unrighteousness and makes me whole. 
Philippians 1.9-11
I pray
  • That you would renew my spirit by our fellowship with one another
  • That you would reform my mind by the preaching and reading of your Word
  • That you would relax me by your providence
 Make my love for others abound more and more in knowledge of the Gospel
Grant that I can discern what is best, so that I may be pure and blameless until the day of Christ
Fill me with the fruit of righteousness through Jesus Christ—to the glory and praise of God I pray.
I offer these desires to You in the name of Christ.


  • Kings
    97. Who wrote 1-2 Kings? The author of Kings is unknown.
    98. To whom was 1-2 Kings written? The book of Kings was written to the exiles during the Babylonian captivity.
    99. What is the main idea of 1-2 Kings? The main idea of Kings is that the exile to Babylon was the just punishment of God to the people (cf Psalm 74) and the people of God must repent toward and hope in the new David.
    100. What are the main divisions of 1-2 Kings? The main divisions of Kings are 1 Kings 1-11, 1 Kings 12-2 Kings 17, 2 Kings 18-25.
    101. What is the main idea of 1 Kings 1-11? The main idea of 1 Kings 1-11 is that Solomon’s kingship represented the ideal Davidic son’s kingship (2 Sam 7); however, he sinned against God and violated the covenant, which made the people look to a future king who would come.
    102. What is the main idea of 1 Kings 12 – 2 Kings 17? The main idea of 1 Kings 12-2 Kings 17 is God severely judged Israel and Judah due to the various kings and their leadership, which led the people into flagrant violations of the covenant.
    103. What is the main idea of 2 Kings 18 – 25? The main idea of 2 Kings 18-25 is God promised to restore the house of David after the exile.
    104. How is Kings used in the New Testament?
    a. 1 Kings 19.10, 14 – Rom 11.3
    b. 1Kings 19.18 – Rom 11.4
    105. How does Kings prepare us for Christ? Kings prepares us for Christ in multiple way:
    a. The theological history of Kings points to Christ in two ways at least.
    b. The theological history stressed the family of David as the centerpiece of Israel. All hopes of victory and salvation-even return from exile-were found in God’s mercy shown to and through David’s royal house. The NT teaches that Christ is the great son of David through whom God fulfilled all the promises he made to David and his sons (Mt 1:1-17; Acts 2:22-36).
    c. Kingship and temple worship stood together in the center of this theological history.
    d. In fact, the kings of Judah and Israel were judged largely in terms of their loyalty or disloyalty to the temple in Jerusalem and to the purity of worship there. This theme is also fulfilled by Christ. The NT teaches that he is the eternal high priest for God’s people (Heb 3:1; 4:14-15), whose own blood atoned for their sins (Heb 2:17; 9:25-28). He brings his people together into a holy sanctuary on Earth (1 Peter 2:4-5, 9) as he ministers in the heavenly palace of God (Heb 6:19-20; 8:1-2; 9:24). The importance of exclusive fidelity to worship in Solomon’s temple corresponds to Christ’s call for his followers to rely on his priestly mediation alone for their salvation (John 14:6; Acts 4:12), as he ministers in the heavenly sanctuary now and ultimately replaces the earthly sanctuary in the new Earth (Rev. 21:22)

Why is Everything Falling Apart?

Last week we experienced the death of two African-Americans in police altercations and the death of five Dallas police officers. This morning we wake up to the news of another France attack, leaving 80 people dead. Political pundits and journalists are calling on President Obama and Congress to do something. While the necessity their actions is outside the scope of this blog, they must respond indeed.

However, for our purposes we must look to the root cause of the ongoing “falling apart” of society as some have stated. In order to see how to move forward, we must discover the real cause of these things (HINT: its not Democrats or Republicans). Why is everything “falling apart”?

I’m not sure that is the right question. A quick perusal through history will indicate we are not alone in tragedy (i. e. Caligula, Nero, Hitler, Stalin). Our problem, and reason for everything “falling apart,” has been around for a while now. In fact, since the beginning of mankind.

The Scriptures teach that a real, historical man Adam actually fell into sin and brought God’s curse on all of creation and humanity. This curse is the result of human autonomy; therefore human autonomy cannot solve this problem (i. e. President, congress, NATO etc.). Every major tragedy or crisis in the world is the result of sin.

Many times, people shake their fists toward heaven and blame God for things falling apart—-Where was God? I thought God was love? Why would God allow such tragedy? In reality, he is not to blame—we are. We botched his original plan (Genesis 2.1-23; 4-25) and decided to build civilization (Genesis 3.1-21; 4.17-25; 6.1-8; 11.1-9) on our own terms. Now, when things “fall apart” we need someone to blame—God. Of course in this regard nothing has changed.

Consider Adam’s response when God questioned him as to why he sinned— “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit of the tree, and I ate.” Comprehend Eve’s response when God question her about her sin—“The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” Think through your response to tragedy—do you blame others?

This is the testimony of scripture—man is fallen. As a fallen human, we seek to blame others and justify our actions without really dealing with the issue. Humans—You and me—are separated from God through our own desire for autonomy. We have fallen from our connection to God, original righteousness and goodness, into sin and death.

God’s solution to this problem is Christ. Even in the days of Adam and Eve, God began to show mercy through his promise that the woman seed would one day crush the serpents head (Genesis 3.15). This promise was fulfilled by Christ, who redeems his people and restores creation to its rightful order (Romans 8.20-21; Revelation 21.1-5). Because of sin, we are seriously hindered in our understanding of Christ. The New Testament describes Jesus as the “last Adam” (1 Corinthians 15.45) because through his sacrificial death and resurrection he reverses the tragic effects of what the first Adam did (Romans 5.12-19; 1 Corinthians 15.22). The Gospel is the only solution to the “falling apart” of our world.

Wednesday Prayer [7/13/16]

Father, thank you for this day and her testimony.  Thank you for your kind providence you have extended to me this day. Your word says if I draw near to you, you will draw near to me. I need you Lord. Don’t be far from me.
Grant that I may trust you with all my hearts and lean not on my own understanding but rather I may acknowledge you in all my ways and walk in your paths.
Father, you have ordained all my days before one of them came to be—therefore, your thoughts are precious to me. I want your thoughts, so that I can obey them.
I confess my sinfulness to you. I was made in your image; however, I have marred that image by my sinfulness. I need continual forgiveness and cleansing from that which easily besets me.
I thank you that you are able to save me to the uttermost because I come to you through faith. I are thankful on this LORD’S day that Jesus himself intercedes for me now. 
I acknowledge and confess it is Christ’s blood that forgives us and sets me free from the CURSE of the covenant that I violated. 
I acknowledge and confess it is Christ’s blood that cleanses me from unrighteousness and makes me whole.  It is by the blood of Christ that I approach you.
Ephesians 1.17-23
I ask that you give me a spirit of wisdom and revelation in my knowledge of Christ. I want to know Christ more.
Enlighten the eyes of my hearts that I may see the kingdom of God. So that I might KNOW
              The hope to which I have called as children of God
              The riches of the inheritance that Christ earned for me
              The great power to which I have access in order to live by the Spirit not in               the flesh
Fill me with the fullness of Jesus in every way today.


    86. Who wrote 1-2 Samuel? The author of Samuel is unknown.
    87. To whom was 1-2 Samuel written? There are two options for the audience of Judges: Earlier-while in Promised Land or Later- during Babylonian captivity.
    88. What is the main idea of 1-2 Samuel? The main idea of Samuel is that David’s line is still the hope of Israel despite the curses which came upon them due to his sin.
    89. What are the main divisions of Samuel? The main divisions of 1-2 Samuel are 1 Samuel 1-7, 1 Samuel 8-15, 1 Samuel 16 – 2 Sam 1, 2 Samuel 2-20, 2 Samuel 21-24.
    90. What is the main idea of 1 Samuel 1 – 7? The main idea of 1 Samuel 1-7 is that God chose Samuel to anoint the kings of Israel.
    91. What is the main idea of 1 Samuel 8 – 15? The main idea of 1 Samuel 8-15 is that Saul was chosen to be king by the people, but rejected by God.
    92. What is the main idea of 1 Samuel 16 – 2 Samuel 1? The main idea of 1 Samuel 16-2 Samuel 1 is that David was overlooked by the people, namely his earthly father, but chosen by God to be the king.
    93. What is the main idea of 2 Samuel 2 – 2 Samuel 20? The main idea of 2 Samuel 2-2 Samuel 20 is to show David’s house under the blessing and curse of God. (Leviticus 26, Deuteronomy 17:14-20, Deuteronomy 28)
    94. What is the main idea of 2 Samuel 21 – 24? The main idea of 2 Samuel 21-24 is that David’s line is still the hope of Israel despite his sin.
    95. How is Samuel used in the New Testament?
    a. 1 Samuel 13.14 – Acts 13.22
    b. 2 Samuel 7.8 – 2 Cor 6.18
    c. 2 Samuel 7.14 – 2 Cor 6.18, Heb 1.5
    d. 2 Samuel 22.50 – Rom 15.9
    96. How does Samuel prepare us for Christ? Samuel prepares us for Christ in multiple ways:
    a. Jesus Christ stands in contrast to the many examples of the sinful leaders of Israel who appear in the book.
    b. Jesus is the heir of David’s throne, and David’s career anticipated the person and work of Christ.
    c. David and Jesus had prophetic sanction, David by Samuel (3:20; 16:31) and Jesus by John the Baptist (Mt 14:5; Jh 1:29-31; 5:31-35)
    d. David and Jesus had the Spirit come upon them (1 Sa 16:13; Mk 1:9-11)
    e. David and Jesus did mighty works (1 Sa 17; Mt 11:4-5)
    f. David and Jesus were involved in Holy War (1 Sa 17; Col 1:20)
    g. David and Jesus were rejected by jealous kings (1 Sa 18:9; Mt 2:16)
    h. David and Jesus were warned to flee for their lives (1 Sa 20; Mt 2:13-15)
    i. David and Jesus were rejected by their own people without cause (23:12; Jn 19:15)
    j. David and Jesus interceded on behalf of God’s people (2 Sa 21; 24; Jn 17)
    k. David and Jesus were highly exalted by God (2 Sa 23:1-8; Isa 52:13; Phil 2:9)
    l. In these ways, David’s life foreshadowed the accomplishments of Christ, his son.

Wednesday Prayer [7/6/16]

Thank you for the day you have given me to worship you.  Thank you for my church and the fellowship we have around the Gospel of Christ.  I thank you for your gracious providence that has brought us together. 
Today I want to give thanks to the You— Our Father. I thank you for qualifying me to share in the inheritance of the saints in light. I thank you for the person of Christ: in whom I have a Prophet, Priest, and King. I thank you for the work of Christ: Incarnation—in which I have a secured acceptance with You because of His obedience to the Law, the Substitution—in which He absorbed Your wrath and curse which was due to me for my sin. I thank you for delivering me from the domain of darkness and transferring me to the kingdom of his beloved Son. I thank you for the one in whom I have redemption, the forgiveness of sins. I thank you for the grand restoration—the promise of new creation and new body with which there is no ability to sin.
You know my heart.  You formed my inward parts; you knitted me together in my mother’s womb. You fearfully and wonderfully made me. Your eyes saw my unformed body; All the days ordained for me were written in your book
before one of them came to be. 
Search me and you know me. You know when I sit and when I rise; you perceive my thoughts from afar. You are familiar with all my ways. Before a word is on my tongue you know it completely, O Lord.
Such knowledge is too wonderful for me, too lofty for me to attain.
How precious to me are your thoughts, O God! How vast is the sum of them!
Where can I go from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence?
It is against you, you only, that have I sinned and done what is evil in your sight.
I confess our sins to you.  I want your forgiveness and cleansing.
So, have mercy on me, O God, according to the Gospel; according to your great love blot out our transgressions and Hide your face from my sins.
I pray that you would stir up:  A sincere reminder of you all the days of our life, Cause my faith to produce work, Cause my love to produce labor, Grant me endurance inspired by hope in our Lord Jesus Christ.
Convince me of Your love for us in Christ. Strengthen me in my inner man with power by the Holy Spirit, so that Christ may dwell in my hearts through faith in order to comprehend Your love and so that the gospel would come to me not simply with words, but also with power, with the Holy Spirit and with deep conviction.
To him who can do more than all we ask or imagine we pray these in Jesus name. Ephesians 3.20; 1 John 5.14-15


  • Judges
    77. Who wrote Judges? The author of Judges is unknown.
    78. To whom was Judges written? There are two options for the audience of Judges: Earlier-while in Promised Land or Later- during Babylonian captivity
    79. What is the main idea of Judges? The main idea of Judges is that Israel needs a godly king from the line of David.
    80. What are the main divisions of Judges? The main divisions of Judges are Judges 1:1-2:5, 2:6-16:31, and 17-21
    81. What is the main idea of Judges 1:1-2:5? The main idea of Judges 1:1-2:5 is that God chose Judah to be the leader for the tribes of Israel, but they failed in conquest because they did not have a unified, godly leadership.
    82. What is the main idea of Judges 2:6-16:31? The main idea of Judges 2:6-16:31 is that the judges failed to provide leadership for ongoing fidelity to the covenant with the LORD; they needed a godly King.
    83. What is the main idea of Judges 17-21? The main idea of Judges 17-21 is that the Levites failed to provide leadership for ongoing fidelity to the covenant with the LORD; they needed a godly King.
    84. How is Judges used in the New Testament? There are no direct quotations from Judges in the NT
    85. How does Judges prepare us for Christ? Judges prepares us for Christ in multiple ways:
    a. The emphasis of the book of Judges on the need for a righteous king from the     line of David; it points to Jesus Christ.
    b. Jesus was of the family of David and the rightful heir of David’s throne (Mt 1:1-17; Lk 3:1-37)
    c. Jesus was David’s unique son who never failed to keep the law of God perfectly (Mt 5:17).
    d. God raised Jesus from the dead, seated him on his heavenly throne (1 Cor 15:25) and established the kingdom that will never end (Isaiah 9:6-9).
    e. Christ is king already, yet one day all will recognize him as such when he returns in glory and rules over the new heavens and new earth (Rev 22:1-3).
    f. The success of Jesus’ kingship stands in sharp contrast to the failed leadership of the judges and the Levities. Like the judges and Levites of Israel, sinful leaders cannot fulfill the need for a perfectly righteous king. Only Christ can meet that need.

A Tale of Two Men

First man

God created man on the sixth day of creation. Man was very special to God because he was made in God’s image. The man’s name was Adam and his wife’s name was Eve. God put these people in the Garden of Eden. They were to be the rulers over God’s place, submitting themselves to the rule of God. God was their king, and as such, he gave them his word to regulate their lives. God warned this man, “If you despise my goodness by disobeying my word, then you will be put out of this special place and die.”

Satan crept into God’s garden kingdom. He tempted Adam and Eve to doubt God’s goodness and disobey God’s word. At this point, Adam and Eve had a choice to make: should we trust God’s truth or should we reject God’s truth and replace it with our own version of truth? Adam and Eve choose to doubt God’s goodness and disobey God’s word. This was a rejection of God as the king over their life. In that moment, Adam and Eve chose to make their own law by which their lives would be ruled.

God’s word was meant to rule over his garden kingdom and people. His people rejected his rule over them. Therefore, God put them outside of the garden kingdom. God drove Adam and Eve out because of their disobedience. God drove Adam and Eve out because they rejected God as the king over their life and replaced His truth with their own.

Bad news

Everyone who reads this has descended from this man- Adam. Every person has sinned against God, and is outside the kingdom of God. God warned Adam that the consequence for his disobedience to God was ‘death,’ therefore, now, everyone is born into this terrible condition: ‘dead in sin.’ The bad news for humanity is that all people everywhere are under this curse. They are morally bankrupt, that is, humanity does not have the righteousness required by God to enter his kingdom. Next, humanity is mentally darkened, that is, unable to understand the truth of God, and thereby continues to reject His truth by replacing it with their own truth. And lastly, humanity is insensitive to God, the gospel, and Jesus Christ, that is, humanity cannot stop sinning, nor do they want to. All of this is the result of the one man’s sin- Adam.

Second man

After many years in this terrible condition, God, who created his people for his kingdom and put his people out of the garden kingdom for their rejection of Him and His rule, showed how great He was by sending the second man, Jesus Christ. Jesus came into the world as one of His people. The purpose of God in this plan was to bring sinners, outside the kingdom of God, back into the kingdom of God through the second man’s work for them.

What is the gospel?

The good news is that God’s kingdom has come in Jesus Christ, the second man. And, by virtue of his incarnation (life), substitution (death), restoration (resurrection and return), sinners can be accepted by God, forgiven of their sin and given entrance into the kingdom of God.

The kingdom of God is the movement of history by which God overcomes his opponents, namely, sin and death, and establishes righteousness in the Earth through His Son’s work. At the return of Jesus, Jesus will hand over the kingdom of God to God the father. And all people, who will be in that kingdom, will be in the kingdom because of the work of the second man, Jesus Christ

The incarnation of Jesus was humiliating. Jesus Christ left legions of angels, who were continually praising him, to come to the world he created. He was born into a peasant carpenter family. He was not considered royalty. In fact, when he was born, he was laid in a feeding trough called a manger. Throughout his life, he submitted himself to a law that he instituted. The first man, Adam, choose to doubt God’s goodness, disobey God’s word, and reject God as the king over his life. Jesus, the second man, submitted to God’s rule completely. He appreciated God’s goodness and obeyed his rule perfectly.  This work was done for sinners outside the kingdom of God, who could not do it for themselves.

In the substitution of Jesus, the justice and wrath of God are most clearly seen. God did not spare his own son, but gave him up to take the wrath of God for sinners. Sin could not be overlooked. God’s justice had to be proven. His words must be fulfilled. So, Jesus took the infinite, almighty, and just wrath of God owed to sinners outside the kingdom of God so that they could enter His eternal kingdom.

In the resurrection of Jesus, the hope of all Christians is most clearly seen. The kingdom of God is ushered into the earth by this ‘new’ king. His work is the ground on which any sinner can stand for the forgiveness of sins, acceptance by God, and loving entrance into his kingdom. Everyone is born into a terrible condition: ‘dead in sin.’ The resurrection, however, is the hope that God will raise believers from their terrible condition and give them life.

What to do with this news?

Dear reader, you are in union with one of these two men. If in union with Adam, then you are under sin, its power and curse, which is death. You must repent of your sin, that is, your rejection of God’s truth and replacement of it with your own version of truth. You are outside the kingdom of God. If you stay in this position, you will die and spend eternity in that position; it is called hell. You must trust the gospel for your salvation, that is, you must admit your work is insufficient and not acceptable in God’s sight, and you must be willing to put all of your hope and trust in the work of the second man, Christ.

You trust that his incarnation and perfect life gives you acceptance before God; he is your righteousness. You trust that Jesus substituted for you on the cross, that is, you deserved the wrath of God but he took it for you. You trust that his resurrection is proof that God’s kingdom has come. You trust that at Christ’s return the kingdom will be handed over to God the father by the second man, Jesus Christ. Oh, reader, please trust the gospel! Oh, reader, are you willing?

Wednesday Prayer [6/8/16]

    Thank you for the day you have given us to worship you. Thank you for the fellowship we have in the Gospel of Christ.  We thank you for your gracious providence that has brought us together
    “You declare the end from the beginning and from ancient times things which have not been done.  You say, ‘Your counsel will be established, and You will accomplish all Your good pleasure’;” (Isaiah 46:10)
    You created everything out of nothing by the Word of your power in the space of six days and all was very good.
    We thank you that the same Word of power now sustains your creation and all creatures in it.  Your ways are holy and righteousness; therefore, we have comfort in your sovereignty.  Is anything too difficult for you, Lord? (Genesis 18.14) “You are in the heavens; and You do whatever You please.” (Psalm 115:3)
    Create in us a pure heart and renew a steadfast spirit within us. Do not cast us from your presence or take your Holy Spirit from us. For it is against you, you only, that have we sinned and done what is evil in your sight;
    Have mercy on us, O God, according to your unfailing love; according to your great compassion blot out our transgressions and Hide your face from our sins.
    Wash away all our iniquity and cleanse us from our sin. Cleanse us, and we will be clean; wash us, and we will be whiter than snow. Restore to us the joy of your salvation and grant us a willing spirit, to sustain us. Let us hear joy and gladness; let us rejoice in your salvation.
    May your kingdom come in our hearts and minds.  Give us regeneration in order to see the Kingdom of God . Give us understanding of your Holy Word, namely, You and Your ways in the Word. (Colossians 1:12-14)
    Cause our hearts to know You and perceive Your will in our daily lives.  Make us able and willing to submit to You in all things.
God, do not allow the temptations of Satan to overcome me. I pray that I will not fall into temptation; Matthew 26:41 (NIV) that no temptation may seize me except what is  common to man.
    God, never let me be tempted beyond what we can bear, but when we are tempted, prove Yourself faithful and provide a way out so that I can stand up under it. 1 Corinthians 10:13 (NIV).